In some cultures today the most radical spiritual thing you can do is get baptized. In 1990 I was teaching at Asia Theological College in Singapore. I asked one of my Chinese students, a young man named Kek, what was the hardest thing about becoming a Jesus-follower. He immediately told me, “It was when I got baptized. Then my parents knew I was a ‘serious Christian’.” David Reid, in his introduction to Baptism: Three Views, writes: “An Asian theologian recently related to me how some Chinese non-Christians view baptism, telling their sons and daughters that it’s okay to worship and study the Bible with those Christians, but just don’t get baptized! As nonbelievers they recognize that to be baptized is to cross a river of no return. This perspective is strikingly biblical and instructive. Baptism is a serious proposition.” (Kindle edition, 107-19)
Jesus famously said, as recorded in Matthew 28:18-20:
18Then Jesus came to them and said, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age."
Disciple-making, that is, “making” people passionate Jesus-Lovers and followers, includes “baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.” This seems important. As is “teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you.” In terms of the latter, we have been doing this at Redeemer, literally teaching our people everything, every word, every big and little thing, that Jesus said and did and commanded. But regarding baptism, what is it?
Definitionally we have this:
1) to dip repeatedly, to immerse, to submerge (of vessels sunk) 2) to cleanse by dipping or submerging, to wash, to make clean with water, to wash one's self, bathe 3) to overwhelm (See also Baptism: Three Views, Kindle edition, 208-18)
Operationally, it’s hard to get “sprinkling” out of this, as in infant baptism as practiced in Roman Catholicism and the Lutheranism I was born into. While I can applaud the Lutheran emphasis on infant baptism as exemplary of a faith that is fully disconnected from one's deeds, I do not see the textual evidence for this. I was baptized as an infant. I am thankful my parents did this. But when I became a Jesus-follower and studied the texts for myself, I came to believe in "believer's baptism"; viz., that as one chooses to follow after Jesus and does so "baptism" is a sign of one's immersion in and identification with the Jesus Movement.
Textually, people are becoming Jesus-followers and getting baptized through the book of Acts. At the risk of being accusing of piling on scriptures, consider the following.
- Peter preaches that the people would do well to "repent and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit." (Acts 2:38-39)
- New believers were immediately baptized. (Acts 2:41)
- As Philip was preaching, when people believed they were baptized. (Acts 8:12)
- When Simon believed what Philip was saying, he was baptized. (Acts 8:13)
- After the Ethiopian eunuch heard the good news about Jesus as presented by Philip, he asked, "What is to prevent me from being baptized?" It became chariot-stopping time, because Philip needed to baptize the EE immediately. Why wait?
- Saul met Jesus on the road, scales fell from his eyes, and he got up and was baptized. (Acts 9:18)
- People who received the Holy Spirit were baptized in the name of Jesus Christ. (Acts 10:47-48)
- Lydia's heart was opened up to Jesus, and she and her household were baptized. (Acts 16:14-15)
- Paul's jailer gets saved and immediately he and all his family were baptized. (Acts 16:32-34)
- The synagogue ruler Crispus (!!!) gets saved, along with his household, and a lot of people in Corinth, and they get baptized. (Acts 18:8)
- Some Ephesian Jesus-followers are baptized by Paul. (Acts 19:3-5)
- Paul is preaching to his fellow Jews in Jerusalem, gives his life-witness, and says: 'The God of our fathers has chosen you to know his will and to see the Righteous One and to hear words from his mouth. You will be his witness to all men of what you have seen and heard. And now what are you waiting for? Get up, be baptized and wash your sins away, calling on his name.' (Acts 22:14-16)
Daniel Reid, in his Introduction to Baptism: Three Views, writes of what might be the most interesting baptism he has ever seen. It was in a Baptist church where a young man was being baptized. Reid writes: "As the boy came up from the water, his father stood up in the congregation and in a loud voice declared, 'This is my beloved son in whom I am well pleased!'" (Kindle edition, 120-130) I love that! This Sunday morning we're having baptisms at our church. To be baptized in Jesus' name is an important kairos-moment in the life of every real Jesus-follower. As this happens, God surely is very pleased. I expect that we'll be experiencing the pleasure of God this Sunday morning!
(I need to point out that two of my hermeneutical heroes, Ben Witherington and N.T. Wright, argue textually for infant baptism over believer's baptism. Witherington does agree that "immersion is [doubtlessly] a better symbol of being baptized into Christ's death than other modes of the practice.")