|Monroe County Community College|
Oral Exam Question #5 - Explain Collins's Fine-Tuning Argument for God's existence.
1. Give the "biosphere" example.
2. The universe is analogous to such a biosphere.
3. The universe is "fine-tuned" for our existence. For example, "If gravity did not exist, masses would not clump together to form stars or planets, and hence the existence of complex, intelligent life would be seriously inhibited." (The gravitational constant is an "anthropic coincidence," or "cosmological constant." Stephen Hawking et. al. acknowledge the fine-tuning.)
4. State the argument:
- Premise 1. The existence of the fine-tuning is not improbable under theism.
- Premise 2. The existence of the fine-tuning is very improbable under the atheistic single-universe hypothesis.
- Conclusion: From premises (1) and (2) and the prime principle of confirmation, it follows that the fine-tuning data provides strong evidence in favor of the design hypothesis over the atheistic single-universe hypothesis.
5. The "prime principle of confirmation" is: whenever we are considering two competing hypotheses, an observation counts as evidence in favor of the hypothesis under which the observation has the highest probability (or is the least improbable).
Note: Collins also calls the "prime principle of confirmation" the "likelihood principle."